Intelligent Transportation and Smart Cities

Course Leader: Dr Filippo Giammaria Praticó

Home Institution: University Mediterranea of Reggio Calabria, Italy

Course pre-requisites: None

Course Overview
With respect to the courses previously presented, this year course will build on the discussion of new frontiers and new projects emerged in 2019 and 2020.

Smart roads, intelligent transportation systems, electric and driverless vehicles have become an outstanding area of potentials for industry, research, scientific projects, and career opportunities.

This fascinating course focuses on how smarter infrastructures, self-monitored environmental systems, better managed transportation assets, electric vehicles, and driverless vehicles can allow having a safer, more efficient, and more sustainable world. As for the previous years, interesting job and research perspectives could emerge and be developed.

Learning Outcomes
The course goals and outcomes are to: 1. Stimulate an interest on construction issues and environmental impact of transportation infrastructures and new vehicles within the context of transportation/pavement performance more broadly. 2. Develop an understanding of how sensor-based monitoring, energy harvesting, material properties and design (e.g., aggregate source and consensus properties, gradation analysis, bitumen percentage and quality), construction (e.g., HMA production, hauling, and placement operations) impact functional properties and their management over time. 3. Expose students to some of the diverse innovative thoughts in the field of pavement functional properties, energy harvesting, sensor-based monitoring, electric cars, and driverless vehicles. 4. Encourage the interrogation of experimental data and models through the assignment of often conflicting narratives (e.g., balancing monitoring costs and monitoring positive effects). 5. Advance students oral, written, and critical thinking skills and expertise by engaging in informed and up-to-date discussions of course reading materials.

Course Content
With respect to the courses previously presented, this year course will build on the discussion of new frontiers and new projects emerged in 2019 and 2020, namely about pavement-tire interaction, electric vehicles, smart cities, and other emerging pollution-related issues.

Preliminary concepts will be as follows. Intelligent transportation. Smart cities. Environmental impact assessment (European approach, EIA versus strategic environmental assessment; scoping, Life cycle cost analysis, etc.). Analysis and decision-making techniques and tools (Cost–benefit analysis, multi-criteria analysis/ ELimination Et Choix Traduisant la REalité, analytic hierarchy process technique, fuzzy techniques, etc.). Environmental impacts (noise, pollution). Continuous monitoring of transportation infrastructures (sensors, type, data gathered, pros and cons). Intelligent transport systems. Energy harvesting from transportation infrastructures (types, pros and cons, potential). Electric vehicles and autonomous vehicles impact. Information and Communications Technology applied to infrastructure assets.

Instructional Method
The following chain of instructional method is scheduled:
Direct Teaching;
Lectures with discussion;
Case Studies;
Group projects;
Worksheets and Surveys;
(Guest Speakers)
Summative and formative feedback.

Required Course Materials
The majority of concepts and methods are discussed and clarified during the lessons with limited homework tasks.
Required readings are suggested during the course. No specific software is required.
The following readings provide and idea of the “big picture” “behind” the course lessons.

• New frontiers and new projects emerged in 2019 and 2020.
• Directive 2011/92/EU (known as 'Environmental Impact Assessment' – EIA Directive)
• Directive 2001/42/EC (known as 'Strategic Environmental Assessment' – SEA Directive).
• Directive 2010/40/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 7 July 2010 on the framework for the deployment of Intelligent Transport Systems in the field of road transport and for interfaces with other modes of transport
• Yang H. Huang, "Pavement Analysis and Design (2nd Edition)". Prentice Hall | 2003 | ISBN: 0131424734 | 792 pages.
• Praticò, F.G., Swanlund, M., George, L-A., Anfosso, F., Tremblay, G., Tellez, R., KAMIYA, K., Del Cerro, J., Van der Zwan, J., Dimitri, G.(2013). Quiet pavement technologies, Pages : 105, PIARC Ref. : 2013R10EN, ISBN : 978-2-84060-327-6.
• Treloar, G., Love, P., and Crawford, R. (2004). ”Hybrid Life-Cycle Inventory for Road Construction and Use.” J. Constr. Eng. Manage., 130(1), 43–49.
• Lajnef et al. (2013), Report No. FHWA-HRT-12-072, Smart Pavement Monitoring System, May 2013.
• Yun et al., (2014) Smart wireless sensing and assessment for civil infrastructure, Structure and Infrastructure Engineering: Maintenance, Management, Life-Cycle Design and Performance, 10:4, 534-550.
• Ceylan et al., (2013), Highway Infrastructure Health Monitoring Using Microelectromechanical Sensors And Systems (Mems), Journal Of Civil Engineering And Management, Volume 19 (Supplement 1): S188–S201.
• Praticò F.G., SUSPAV Project (National project): Interim Report, Internal Document, University Mediterranea.
• Praticò, F.G., Saride, S., and Puppala, A.J., Selection indicators for stabilization of pavement systems; - Chapter in book- Bull, J.W., Life Cycle Costing: For the Analysis, Management and Maintenance of Civil Engineering Infrastructure June 10, 2015 by Whittles Publishing, 224 Pages - 80 B/W Illustrations, ISBN 9781498723213 - CAT# N11259.
• Praticò, F. et al, 2017, Sustainability Issues in Civil Engineering, Springer Transactions in Civil and Environmental Engineering, © 2017, Editors: Sivakumar Babu, G.L., Saride, Sireesh, B, Munwar Basha.
• Praticò, F.G. (2017). "Metrics for Management of Asphalt Plant Sustainability." J. Constr. Eng. Manage. , 10.1061/(ASCE)CO.1943-7862.0001253 , 04016116 (Online publication date: October 21, 2016).
• Fedele, R., Praticò, F.G., Carotenuto, R., Della Corte, Damage detection into road pavement through acoustic signature analysis: first results, the 24th International Congress on Sound and Vibration (ICSV24), London, 23 – 27 July 2017.
• Fedele, R., Praticò, F.G., Carotenuto, R., and Della Corte, F., Instrumented infrastructures for damage detection and management, 5th IEEE International Conference on Models and Technologies for Intelligent Transportation Systems, IEEE MT-ITS 2017, 26-28 June 2017, Naples (Italy).
• Praticò, F.G., Fedele, R., Vizzari, D., Significance and reliability of absorption spectra of quiet pavements, Construction and building materials, Construction and Building Materials, Volume 140, 1 June 2017, Pages 274–281.
• Fedele, R., Della Corte, F. G., Carotenuto, R., and Praticò, F. G., Sensing road pavement health status through acoustic signals analysis, 13th Conference on PhD Research in Microelectronics and Electronics (PRIME 2017), 12th to 15th of June 2017, Giardini Naxos, Taormina, Italy.


During the course: daily summative and formative feedback, following group projects and lectures.
Towards the end of the course: 1) Explicit information about grading procedures, based on UDC directives, is provided. 2) Explicit information about overall expectations and specific assignments is provided. 3) A report is usually required (3.1: General part, brief summary of the course. 3.2: Short essay on a specific topic, selected by professor and student). 4) A number of topics is previously selected (areas of main interest). 5) The examination is going to address: topics among the ones selected; discussion of the report.