Health and Quality of Life: Interdisciplinary

Course Leader: Dr Iuliia Pavlova

Home Institution: Lviv State University of Phyisical Culture, Ukraine

Course pre-requisites: None.

Course Overview
The concept of quality of life can be actively used as a standard, subjective measurement in the analysis of human health, and the level of social protection. The presence of close correlations between self-assessment of health and indicators of well-being, established during extensive research of public health and lifestyle habits, testifies to this approach. In this context, the term “health related quality of life” is most often used, and under this approach, health is a cohesive whole with the quality of life.
In a study of quality of life related to health, we can focus on pathologies, morbidity, the ability to fulfill certain social roles, and the ability to return to normal activities. This approach has been reflected in the corresponding models that unite and integrate
health, symptoms of diseases, lifestyle, and interaction with society with a subjective, dynamic, multidimensional structure of “quality of life”. The most famous models are those created at the University of Toronto, by the World Health Organization. Mainly, the quality of life has been studied in a general sociological, socio-economic, or only in an economic context, but quality of life deserves special attention as a medical and social phenomenon.

Nowadays, a scientific and methodological basis has been developed for assessing the quality of life of various population groups, and the researchers have suggested using indicators of well-being to determine the effectiveness of medical care and
rehabilitation, prediction of labor productivity, possible loss of working capacity or aggravation of health in the future.

Learning Outcomes
By the end of this course students

• understand what “quality of life” and “health” mean; they are able to synthesize information and analyze strong and weak side of different definitions;
• understand how the health problems can be applied to different problems of life quality;
• know more about major health problems facing the world today;
• understand how social determinants impact on life quality;
• are able to apply some of the principles of health and life quality inequalities to a setting or condition relevant to yourself;
• know more about major health problems facing the world today;
• are able to evaluate health-related quality of life;
• can identify health benefits of exercise in cardiovascular disease and reflect on own risk factors for cardiovascular disease;
• can increase own physical activity by use SMART principles.
• know major feature of effective programs that directed on life quality increasing
• are able to find validated questionnaire for assessing quality of life and obtain permission for its use; they are able to plan and have skills to provide crossculture translation and validation process for survey;
• improve soft skills (teamwork, presentation abilities, communication skills, emotional intelligence, time management and goal setting).

Course Content
Development of the life quality concept. Well-being and happiness, what makes a good life – lessons from the longest study of happiness. Approaches to defining quality of life and its components – analyzing conceptual models and government approaches. Modern interdisciplinary approaches for analyzing quality of life.

Health in the structure of quality of life of the population. The role of health in establishing the quality of life of the population. Importance of physical exercise: barrier and facilitators, achieving and monitoring goals; guidelines and monitoring of physical activity. Managing of own health and physical activity. Assessing of own health risks on the example of cardiovascular disease. Role of education in health preserving. Formation of competencies as an element of health and quality of life.

General characteristics of health and quality of life different population groups. Main strategy to change health and quality life – best examples of programs for improving physical, social, and mental health.

International scales and surveys. Collaboration with providers of validated methods. Cross-culture translation and validation of surveys for evaluation of life quality: step by step process.

Instructional Method
This course consists of lecture, seminars, practical works. During course active learning strategies are used (cooperative learning, group discussion, independent study, case-studies, peer instruction), assessment-based instructional strategies (decision-making model construction, homework practice).

Assessment
Quizzes, answers on questions and next reflective assignments, minute paper, portfolio and its presentation.