Alvarez-Cáccamo, Celso. 1991. Language revival, code manipulation and social power in Galiza: Off-record uses of Spanish in formal communicative events. In Carol A. Klee, ed. Sociolinguistics of the Spanish-speaking world: Iberia, Latin America, United States. Tempe, AZ: Bilingual Press/Editorial Bilingüe, 41-73.
ABSTRACT. The development in recent years of Galician as a marker of
authority and distance in formal settings associated with government is related to
theories of diglossia and code manipulation in a study of language use in city council
meetings in Vigo, Spain. Analyzed speech samples, compared with native speaker
consultants evaluations of manipulated versions, reveal maximization of ironic
effect as a result of a switch from Galician to Spanish during a procedural dispute. In
this exchange, Spanish functioned as the informal, off-record, solidarity-signaling code.
With the symbolic official use of Standard Galician, a new social sense of speaking is
being developed, in contrast to the desymbolization of social meanings produced by the
exclusion of social class and ethnicity features from the standard. The ethoglossic values
of Galician and Spanish are in the process of redefinition in Galiza.